01/03/2019 by Gemma Leigh Dury 0 Comments
History of Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP)
Electronic voice phenomena commonly known as (EVP) are sounds found on electronic recordings that are interpreted as spirit voices which have been either intentionally (or in some cases unintentionally) recorded. One of the most well known people for EVP research is Konstantīns Raudive, who popularized the idea in the 1970s, and described EVP as brief, usually the length of a word. Raudive, a psychologist who had taught at a university and had also worked in connection with Jürgenson, made over 100,000 recordings which he described as being communications with deceased people. Some of these recordings were conducted in a laboratory and contained words Raudive said were incoherent. To confirm the content of his collection of recordings, Raudive invited listeners to hear and interpret them. He believed that the clarity of the voices heard in his recordings implied that they could not be readily explained by normal means. Raudive published his first book, Breakthrough: An Amazing Experiment in Electronic Communication with the Dead. (I’ve read bits of this book and cannot wait to finish it)
Raudive wasn’t the only one associated with this method as I could be wrong but Edison also had a moment with EVP.
Lets also remember the medium Marcello Bacci who spent decades connecting people with their loved ones. Using his shortwave radio which I believe may have inspired many ITC researchers. Watch The Afterlife Experiment and you will see that all the parts that connect to radio waves were removed, meaning no radio waves could come through this radio and even the S.P.R. had no explanation for his work.
I would encourage you to check out his findings via you tube if you get chance.
Enthusiasts consider EVP to be evidence of paranormal phenomenon often found in recordings with white noise. However, scientists regard EVP as a form of auditory pareidolia. (interpreting random sounds as voices)
American photographer Attila von Szalay was among the first to try recording what he believed to be voices of the dead as a way to augment his investigations in photographing ghosts. He began his
attempts in 1941 using a 78 rpm record, but it wasn't until 1956 — after switching to a reel-to-reel tape recorder — that he believed he was successful. Working with Raymond Bayless, von Szalay conducted a number of recording sessions with a custom-made apparatus, consisting of a microphone in an insulated cabinet connected to an external recording device and speaker. Szalay reported finding many sounds on the tape that could not be heard on the speaker at the time of recording, some of which were recorded when there was no one in the cabinet. He believed these sounds to be the voices of discarnate spirits. Among the first recordings believed to be spirit voices were such messages as "This is G!", "Hot dog, Art!", and "Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you all". Bayless also co-wrote the book, Phone Calls From the Dead.
Friedrich Jürgenson – he who worked with Raudive - was said to have been recording bird songs. When playing the tape later, he heard what he interpreted to be his dead father's voice and then the spirit of his deceased wife calling his name. He went on to make several more recordings, including one that he said contained a message from his late mother.
William O'Neil constructed an electronic audio device called "The Spiricom" in 1980 (I believe). O'Neil claimed the device was built to specifications which he received psychically from George Mueller, a scientist who had died six years previously (not the first time this has been reported). At a press conference in 1982, O'Neil stated that he was able to hold two-way conversations with spirits through the Spiricom device and provided the design specifications to researchers for free. However, nobody is known to have replicated the results O'Neil claimed using his own Spiricom devices. O'Neil's partner, George Meek, attributed O'Neil's success, and the inability of others to replicate it to O'Neil's mediumistic abilities forming part of the loop that made the system work (could this be possible?, it’s certainly an interesting question)
Another electronic device specifically constructed in an attempt to capture EVP is "Frank's Box" or the "Ghost Box", created by Frank Sumption for supposed real-time communication with the dead. Sumption claims he received his design instructions from the spirit world. The device is described as a combination white noise generator and AM radio receiver modified to sweep back and forth through the band selecting split-second snippets of sound.
Instrumental Trans-Communication (ITC) was a term I believe to be used by Ernst Senkowski to refer more generally to communication through any sort of electronic device such as tape recorders, fax machines, television sets or computers between spirits or other entities.
Eamonn Vann-Harris of UK Haunted is possibly the most recent person to create a device that also allows communication with what we will call the unknown, I’ve been lucky enough to see one of his machines in use; experiments were carried out with great success. Such as holding items in their hand and asking what was being held, names of people in the room being said through the machine. Incredible right?
In 2005, the Journal of the Society for Psychical Research published a report by paranormal investigator Alexander MacRae. MacRae conducted recording sessions using a device of his own design that generated EVP. In an attempt to demonstrate that different individuals would interpret EVP in the recordings the same way, MacRae asked seven people to compare some selections to a list of five phrases he provided, and to choose the best match. MacRae said the results of the listening panels indicated that the selections were of paranormal origin.
The research in ITC and EVP continues to this day, many paranormal investigators actively seek EVP’S from recording their investigations.
Some EVP enthusiasts describe hearing the words in EVP as ability, much like learning a new language. Sceptics suggest that the claimed instances may be misinterpretations of natural phenomena, influence of the electronic equipment by researchers, or deliberate influencing of the researchers and the equipment by third parties. What do you think?
Portable digital voice recorders are currently the kit of most paranormal investigators, as they are relatively inexpensive and easy to come by.
There are of course a number of simple explanations that can explain why some listeners to the static on audio devices may believe they hear voices, including radio interference and the tendency of the human brain to find meaning in random stimulus.
Whatever your feeling on them, it is still the holy grail of many an investigator to get that elusive Class A EVP.